The City of Hamilton is at the centre of a densely populated region at the western end of Lake Ontario known as The Golden Horseshoe. Hamilton’s population measured in the 2011 census is about 520,000.
The city is named after George Hamilton who initiated development of the area after the War of 1812.
In 2001, Hamilton absorbed outlying towns from the former Regional Municipality of Hamilton-Wentworth. Together with Dundas, Flamborough, Stoney Creek, and Glanbrook, they form the “new” City of Hamilton.
Points of Interest include the Royal Botanical Gardens (shared with Burlington), Canadian Warplane Heritage Museum, Bruce Trail, McMaster University, Mohawk College and the Canadian Football Hall of Fame.
The home of the Hamilton Tiger Cats, Ivor Wynne Stadium, is being rebuilt for the 2015 Pan American Games. The new name is Tim Horton Field.
Numerous TV and film productions choose Hamilton for filming. There is also a growing arts and culture sector. The Hamilton Art Crawl is held monthly in the city. It is a reflection of the many art galleries that have set up shop along James and surrounding streets. Theatre Aquarius is a popular destination. Other popular destinations are the McMaster Museum of Art and the Art Gallery of Hamilton.
Major physical features of the city are Hamilton Harbour and the Niagara Escarpment. The Escarpment runs the entire length of the city and bisects it into upper and lower parts. There are also over 100 waterfalls and cascades in the city, mainly due to the Escarpment. Many of the waterfalls can be accessed by traversing the Bruce Trail.
Hamilton is reputed to be the “Steel Capital of Canada.” The steel industry is in decline as a result of international economic downturn. On the plus side, Hamilton is gaining a reputation for research and development in both industrial and medical fields. The McMaster Innovation Centre is one aspect of this newer reputation.
Two of the largest shopping malls are Centre Mall and Limeridge Mall.